The ICEFI explained that Costa Rica has the fastest growth of public debt in Central America, while El Salvador has the highest relative to its GDP.
The study, prepared by the ICEFI, reveals that between 2011 and 2012 the amount of Costa Rican debt rose from 30.7% to 35.3% of their gross domestic product (GDP), respectively.
In the rest of the Central American countries, while debt continues to rise, it does so at a lower rate, said economist and ICEFI researcher, Renato Vargas, at a press conference.
The country with the highest percentage of debt in relation to GDP is El Salvador (45.6%), followed by Panama (38.6%), Costa Rica (35.3%), Honduras (34.4%), Nicaragua (30.6%) and Guatemala (24.4%), the report said. The average debt in the region is 34.9% of GDP, estimated at 184,000 million dollars.
According to Vargas, Nicaragua and Panama are the only countries in the area that have a “sustainable” public debt.